HIV/AIDS, Food Insecurity and Resistance to Genetically Modified Food Aid in Zambia
Barrett P. Brenton, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, St. John’s College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Food insecurity created by recent cycles of drought and demand for emergency food assistance in southern Africa has been exacerbated by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This paper reviews current research in Zambia on coordinated responses to the expanding HIV/AIDS health and nutrition crisis in light of the country’s resistance to genetically modified (GM) food aid. Zambian officials have been highly criticized by various relief agencies and governments for their “No GM Food” position. It is suggested that rather than condemn countries for limiting their acceptance of GM foods, the situation must be approached with an integrated perspective that deals simultaneously with HIV/AIDS, food insecurity, and real concerns that countries have that challenge the assumption that there is a moral imperative to use biotechnology. Overall, this paper recommends that a broader approach to the current crisis must also incorporate concepts of justice and sustainability in order to promote common ground solutions.