Preliminary Validation of the Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire in an Asian sample
Jasmin Kwok, St. John's University Student
Elizabeth Brondolo, Department of Psychology, St. John’s College of liberal Arts and Sciences
Asha Kumar, Juhee Jhalani, Jenni Atencio, Jahanara Ullah, Robert Crupi, Daniel Chen
Abstract: The Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire (PEDQ) assesses lifetime exposure to ethnicity-related maltreatment, and also includes four subscales assessing social exclusion, workplace discrimination, stigmatization, and threat/harassment. Evidence of the reliability and construct validity of the PEDQ has been provided for Black and Latino samples (Brondolo et al, 2005). This study provides preliminary data on the validity of the PEDQ in a sample of 389 students and community members who self-identify as Asian. The sample was diverse including individuals from a variety of ethnicities, including 154 Chinese, 44 Filipinos, 62 Koreans, 86 Indians. The full PEDQ had very good internal consistency (a > 0.95 for the full sample and for the Indian, Chinese, Filipino and Korean groups). All groups reported experiencing significantly more ethnicity-related social exclusion than any other type of discrimination. Men reported significantly more lifetime discrimination than women (p < .05), and U.S. citizens and American-born individuals reported more discrimination than non-citizens and foreign-born individuals (p < .05). After controlling for immigration status and citizenship, as well as age and gender, between-ethnicity difference in exposure to racism were no longer significant.